Scarcely a week has passed since we had our unexpected snow storm, but at last true spring has begun, and here is a little video I made of the transition, and the exciting arrival of a Treecreeper (Certhia familiaris), a small bird which creeps up walls and tree trunks feeding on insects and spiders as it goes. And then a very exciting scene which proves spring is, at last, definitely here:
However, not only have birds been collecting nesting materials, but finally frogspawn appeared in my garden pond, and lots of it:
This is the spawn of the Common Frog, Rana temporaria. For those of you who are wondering what the green on the pond is, it is actually tiny leaves of Duckweed, a plant which exists only as a leaf, and which reproduces by cell division – one leaf turns into two, two into four, four into eight, eight into sixteen. And that is how it forms carpets of green on ponds.
Today is the last day of February and the weather is a bit stormy right now, but considerably milder than it has been. However, we had daytime temperatures briefly climb up to 16 degrees Celsius two days ago, and stay at 12 degrees Celsius through the following night, which led to a wonderful surprise the following morning – frogspawn.
There have been some other signs of warmer sunnier weather, although much less spectacular than frogspawn. Namely, 7-spot Ladybirds and Green Shieldbugs sunbathing on plants on warmer afternoons.
Wild primroses (Primula vulgaris) have also begun to bloom all over Wicklow. You can see them along hedgerows, usually on exposed banks at the bottom of trees. They really stand out at this time of year.
But probably the most important flower of all to bloom in spring is also the most overlooked and least appreciated – the dandelion. Dandelions produce a massive amount of pollen and are very important to insects. They are especially popular with Honey Bees. Here is one of the first I’ve seen this year.
Finally, here’s something much less obvious to look for. The drab little bird below is a Chaffinch, and you might think it’s a female, but if you look closely you will see it is tinged at the edges with the the bright colours of an adult male. This little bird is a young male and in the next few months will wear the sky blue and salmon pink of an adult. He might even breed this year. It’s highly likely. He has a lot of living ahead of him.
In the last few days a small number of Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) have been arriving in gardens to collect pollen from the early blooming flowers, of which there are quite a few these days. Getting a half-decent photo in the early light of spring is another story, but I think I just about managed one or two.
Two days ago I found my first frogspawn of the year, although there are reports of it from all over Ireland at this point. Frogspawn always puts the seal on spring. But spring is also a long and dramatic change in Wicklow, and my own favourite time of year. In Ireland we have only one species of gfrog (so far), the European Common Frog, Rana temporaria, but there is also one species of toad, the Natterjack or Running Toad, Epidalea calamita, which is so far only found in the southwest of Ireland, mostly in Kerry. But we also have one other amphibian species, which is found in Wicklow, the Smooth Newt, Triturus vulgaris, and I hope to get some decent photos of this species this year, although it is difficult to see in ponds, being quite small and shy.