Tag Archives: nest

A Hedgehog Wakes from Hibernation

A couple of days ago I was standing by the backdoor to my house when I heard a snuffling and crackling sound coming from a small hedge of Vinca. I immediately suspected a Hedgehog was moving about in the undergrowth. However, it never showed up. Two days later I heard the same sound again and this time I investigated properly. The sounds seemed to be coming from beneath one of last year’s hanging baskets, still full of earth. The hanging basket and a huge black pot had been left behind the hedge on a bank of earth. I moved the basket and found, on a ledge beneath the edge of theĀ  bank, and hemmed in by dense stems, a Hedgehog in a nest of dried leaves. Here is the video I got of the sleepy creature, a small Hedgehog –

April Warming and the Mining Bees

Saturday was the first decent warm sunny day in Wicklow this spring, and Tawny Mining Bees immediately appeared. Most of them were males, about twelve all newly hatched out, but there were two larger females giving them a wide berth.

My first photo of a Tawny Mining Bee this year, a male. The males don't look particularly distinctive and not exactly handsome and their sole objective is to mate with females, which gives them a peculiar 'culture' and distinctive weapns too, as you'll see.
My first photo of a Tawny Mining Bee this year, a male. The males don’t look particularly distinctive and not exactly handsome and their sole objective is to mate with females, which gives them a peculiar ‘culture’ and distinctive weapns too, as you’ll see.
It's not easy to get a good photo of a Tawny Mining Bee, particularly the males, but I finally got a decent headshot. Look at the size of those jaws!
It’s not easy to get a good photo of a Tawny Mining Bee, particularly the males, but I finally got a decent headshot. Look at the size of those jaws!

Many mammal species have horns and antlers which allow the males to fight off other males for the right to mate with females and pass on their genetics. Similarly male Tawny Mining Bees have enormous jaws to allow them win these fights. The female is a very different insect.

Looking like a miniature bumblebee, female Tawny Mining Bees have stout reddish furry bodies and distinctive black heads. They also rarely sit still.
Looking like a miniature bumblebee, female Tawny Mining Bees have stout reddish furry bodies and distinctive black heads. They also rarely sit still.
Under the wings you can see a very handsome shimmering abdomen covered in horizontal rows of red fur which glints in bright sunlight. A lovely insect. But they live only a very short time.
Under the wings you can see a very handsome shimmering abdomen covered in horizontal rows of red fur which glints in bright sunlight. A lovely insect. But they live only a very short time.

Tawny Mining Bees fly mostly for the month of April and not much beyond that. So for the next few weeks they will be very busy doing important work, which involves a huge amount of digging.

 

Very Hot July Wildlife

It’s an incredible summer this year, our reward for many which were well below par. Anyhow, if you’re coping with the heat stroke, the sunburn and the hot summer stomach bug doing the rounds (always during the good summers) then you might notice the amazing wildlife around at the moment. There are some very big dragonflies, such as the Hairy Hawker (Brachytron pratense) in the photo below. Many people assume this is the Emperor Dragonfly, due to the similar colouration, but the Emperor is way bigger even than this one.

The male Hairy Hawker is a very strong and powerful predator. I found this one trapped in a polytunnel.
The male Hairy Hawker is a very strong and powerful predator. I found this one trapped in a polytunnel. Don’t worry, he was okay, just a little parched.

Now for a little field craft. Now that the nesting season is drawing to a close you are going to start finding bits of eggs and even nests which have fallen from trees. Sometimes you might be a little suspicious as to how they got there. Were the eggs attacked before they hatched out? It’s actually very easy to tell. Look at this Wood Pigeon egg which I found beneath a tree. The secret lies in looking at the rim.

Note that the edges of the egg are pulled in. This can only have been done by the chick as it hatched out. Birds have an 'egg-tooth' on the ends of their beaks which they use to pull the edges in, cutting a perfect circle.
Note that the edges of the egg are pulled in. This can only have been done by the chick as it hatched out. Birds have an ‘egg-tooth’ on the ends of their beaks which they use to pull the edges in, cutting a perfect circle.

Moths usually like damper conditions, but there are dozens around at the moment, and the chance of some exotics showing up. Below is the beautiful Pale Oak Beauty (Hypomecis punctinalis), a species as large as a large butterfly. Its beautiful pattern acts as camouflage of the highest order. I found it outside my window yesterday.

The Pale Oak Beauty beneath an outdoor light.
The Pale Oak Beauty beneath an outdoor light.