Tag Archives: Peacock Butterfly

The Butterfly Extravaganza

Somehow, yet again, we’ve reached the middle of August and the days are getting noticeably shorter, but they’re still long and warm despite there being a bit of rain about. We are now at the peak of the summer bloom, and this is when you will see the most butterflies and most kinds of butterflies. Keep a look out for the Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui), although we don’t have a lot of them around this year.

The Painted Lady is found across Europe and Asia and even in North America and is a migrating species.

This summer we have had an abundance of Peacock butterflies (Aglais io) which are very popular with tourists from the Americas and I have been told on more than one occasion by American tourists that when it comes to seeing and photographing butterflies, the one they most want is the Peacock. And who could blame them – it’s absolutely stunning.

However, a very close second when it comes to popularity is the closely-related, but quite different looking Small Tortoiseshell (Aglais urticae) , another Old World species much prized by wildlife photographers from the US and Canada.

Personally, I think they are all equally beautiful and the fact that you can often see them all flying together at this time of year, feeding on soil minerals and bramble blossoms, not to mention Butterfly Bushes (Buddleia davidii) and many other plant species, makes them even more special. There are also other beautiful butterflies which occasionally fly among these butterfly species and I hope to see and photograph some of them before the summer is over. Make sure you get out and have a good look at the butterflies this summer, while the spectacle lasts. In two or three weeks the numbers will begin to drop so make the most of it.

April Transformation

We had a very cold and somewhat wet March, and April has been somewhat similar, bright and sunny but often windy and chilly at the very same time. However, a huge change is underway and spring is unfolding by the day and the hour. Only a few days ago I was delighted to see a queen Carder Bee (Bombus pascuorum) sunbathing on some bare ground among the violets.

A furry queen Carder Bee, which usually appears later in spring than the much larger Buff-tailed Bumblebee queens. This is very much the spring bumblebee.
A furry queen Carder Bee, which usually appears later in spring than the much larger Buff-tailed Bumblebee queens. This is very much the spring bumblebee.

Particularly delightful is the sight of Tawny Mining Bees (Andrena fulva) on the wing.  Usually males appear first, but this year I spotted a big furry female days before the first male. This is officially our rarest species of solitary bee, and as a result the National Biodiversity Data Centre are looking for recorded sightings from the public.  Here is a link to the record sheet, which is easy to follow and make submissions on: http://records.biodiversityireland.ie/submit_records.php?fk=SolitaryBeesStandard&caching=cache

And here is a photo I got two days ago of a female Tawny Mining Bee:

25689979503_90c1d788e2And here is a photo of a male Tawny Mining Bee from the same day:

The male Tawny Mining Bee has a distinctive white 'beard'.
The male Tawny Mining Bee has a distinctive white ‘beard’.

There is a similar but smaller species of mining bee also appearing right now, the Early Mining Bee (Andrena haemorrhoa). The males are very similar to the Tawny Mining Bee males, but much smaller and lack the white beard. The female is very beautiful, and here is a photo of a female from the same day as the Tawny Mining Bee photos:

A pretty female Early Mining Bee. She is much smaller then the female Tawny Mining Bee, and about the size of a male of that species.
A pretty female Early Mining Bee. She is much smaller then the female Tawny Mining Bee, and about the size of a male of that species.

Also buzzing around the lawn, feeding on dandelion flowerheads is a small and somewhat sinister-looking wasp. This is in fact yet another bee, but for the mining bees it is indeed sinister, as it’s a parasitic bee which lays its eggs in the nests of mining bees, its grubs killing and eating the mining bee grubs. This particular species of cuckoo bee is Panzer’s Nomada (Nomada panzeri):

Panzer's Nomada
Panzer’s Nomada. There are many similar Nomada Bee species.

But it hasn’t all been bees. Despite the cold some sunny days have warmed up sheltered areas enough for migrating butterfly species to begin flying about. So far I have only seen two butterfly species, and this one is the second, a Peacock (Inachis io):

26226455051_292645e39b

Goodbye July!

Unfortunately this year we had a somewhat cool and overcast July. This has been due to the peculiarities of the weather system which has seen weeks of rain clouds crossing the Atlantic to arrive on top of Ireland. However, there has still been some wildlife to see, and for this instalment I want to share some videos I made. Here is video of a Red Kite, which is a species which was deliberately reintroduced to Ireland, with Wicklow as the focus point:

Red Kites are mainly scavengers, and are huge birds, but will happily take prey too, especially small rabbits. They are the only large bird in Europe with a forked tail.

Now here’s something a little different from the micro jungle, a Zebra Jumping Spider with a woolly aphid as prey. It takes a moment to get the focus exactly right but it does make for an interesting scene:

Also from the microcosm, here’s a little moth you will commonly see feeding on flowers during daylight hours in summer, the Nettle-tap Moth. They are very curious little moths:

Now is the time to see spiderlings emerging, and the most spectacular are those of the orb-weaver spiders. There are several species and they can be hard to tell apart when they’re so young, but I think these in the video below belong to the Segmented Orb-weaver, but there is also a small chance they are Garden Spiders:

But just because you see web tents it doesn’t mean they were made by spiders. Many insects also spin webs, especially caterpillars of butterflies and moths. Check out the incredible web-tents of these beautiful and very numerous Peacock butterfly caterpillars. They feed on nettles exclusively, which is why they are popular with many people. Peacock butterflies also hibernate:

Finally, if you are in Wicklow at this time of year take a look into the shallow streams and you will almost certainly see Brown Trout. In summer they are very numerous in the streams but are not always a guaranteed sighting as they migrate around rivers from shallower to deeper waters and vice versa depending on the time of year.