It’s that time of the year again, and to help you identify those arachnids which are showing up in your gardens and around your homes here is a little video I made to help with identification. Arachnophobes might find some of the images a little frightening, but they’re over and done with quite quickly, so don’t be too frightened. Remember, I’m on the other side of the camera, between you and the spiders. You’re completely safe. And they don’t want to hurt you anyway.
I know a great many people will be glad to know large spider numbers will be returning to normal at last this autumn season. The mating season for House Spiders, Garden (Cross) Spiders and Steatoda nobilis False Widows is almost up. What this means is that the females won’t be releasing pheremones into the air to attract mates, so long-legged males won’t be running about the place and entering houses looking for love. For anyone afraid of those big spiders, then maybe you need to make friends with the thin, daddy-long-legs like Rafter Spiders (Pholcus phalangioides), aka Long-bodied Cellar Spiders, which live in houses and specialise in eating spiders:
Rafter Spiders seem to be a relatively recent arrival in Europe. In the Middle East they live in caves and produce the curtain-like webs normally seen in adventure movies. They are harmless to humans but their haphazard barely noticeable webs are considered a nuisance by housekeepers as they collect dust and easily collapse.
The method used by the spider to kill bigger spiders is amazing to watch. The Rafter Spider spots its prey at the other end of a room and carefully stalks towards it, usually walking upside down along the ceiling. It then gets into a pouncing position, pulling its body back against the tension of its long legs and then suddenly shooting forward to strike at a leg. The victim is paralysed almost immediately and falls, but is snatched by the predator before it can strike the ground.